GEORGE RICHMOND Brompton 1809 – 1896 London Watercolor on paper, signed " Richmond 1835" 37 x 26 cm / 14.6 x 10.2 in
PROVENANCE North Lodge Park, Cromer, collection of sitter, Richard Hoare (1824-1901); North Lodge Park, Cromer, collection of sitter's son, William Douro Hoare (1862-1928) till 1928; Somerleyton Hall, Suffolk, England, collection of Willem Douro's daughter Bridget Margaret Hoare (1899-1983 ) and her husband Francis Savile Crossley 2nd Baron Somerleyton (1889-1959); Bainton House, Stamford, Lincolnshire, Mrs William Birkbeck (1926-2014), daughter of 2nd Baron Somerleyton; Mellors and Kirk, Nottingham, Fine Art Sale, 17 September 2014, lot 876.
LITERATURE Raymond Lister, George Richmond a Critical Biography, London, 1981, p. 161, n 140.
EXHIBITIONS Royal Academy, London, 1836, No 585.
The creative legacy of George Richmond (1809 - 1896), an outstanding English master of graphic portraiture, represents the most complex evolution that this genre went through in the 19th century. A vivid adoration of romanticism, followed by a passion for naturalism, and later symbolism. Despite the fact that George Richmond received his first artistic skills from his father, the artist Thomas Richmond, William Blake, whom young George met at the age of 16, had a decisive influence on him. Blake gave Richmond the artistic impulse that shaped his formation. The years 1830-40 were a period of the highest artistic activity of the young George Richmond. Three years, from 1828 to 1831, spent by the artist in Paris were decisive for his artistic formation. Acquaintance with the French portrait of the Romantic era, the art of Chasseriot, Delacroix and, above all, Ingres left a noticeable imprint on his work. Richmond's manner became more relaxed, the color of his portraits was enriched with the finest color transitions. The portrait of Richard Hoare, dating from 1835, belongs to a large series of portraits of members of the Hoare family, an influential English banker. Pictured, Richard Hoare was born in 1824, son of the banker Samuel Hoare (1783-1847) and his wife Louisa née Gurney (1784-1836), is presented by artists at the age of 11. In the compositional construction, Richmond starts from the composition of the representation of a young gentleman against the background of nature, established in English art. The artist is helped in this by his manner - a freely written landscape background, graceful negligence in clothing. At the same time, the straight, frontal stance of the head, combined with the graceful transformation of body proportions, makes one recall Ingres's graphic works. Moreover, at Ingres, the techniques described above were due to his use of the camera obscura.
Epoque: XIX century
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